Periodontal disease is a condition that occurs when your gums develop a bacterial infection. Your gums typically become infected from overexposure to plaque, a natural byproduct that builds upon the surfaces of your teeth when you consume substances that contain carbohydrates or sugars.
Plaque is harmless if you regularly remove it from your teeth (which you can easily do by brushing and flossing), but if it stays in contact with your gums for too long, it can cause extensive irritation. In the first stage of periodontal disease (gingivitis), your gums react to this irritation with swelling and inflammation.
If you don’t treat gingivitis, it can evolve into the second stage of periodontal disease––periodontitis. In this stage, your gums begin to recede or pull away from the irritating plaque, creating empty pockets between your teeth and gums. These pockets collect even more debris and bacteria, which further irritates your gum tissue and exacerbates the cycle.
Eventually, your gums and the structures holding your teeth in place degrade to the point where your teeth become unstable and potentially fall off.
Periodontal disease can produce a variety of symptoms, including:
Periodontal disease is notorious for developing silently, though many people aren’t aware that they’re exhibiting symptoms until the condition is already in its later stages.
Your dentist looks for signs of gum disease whenever you have a routine cleaning or exam and can usually spot symptoms before you notice that you’re developing them. Because of this, it’s essential to maintain regular visits with the team at the Center for Advanced Dentistry.
Center for Advanced Dentistry offers many state-of-the-art periodontal disease treatments. If your periodontal disease is still in the gingivitis stage, your provider might be able to treat it by having you come in for routine dental cleanings more frequently.
If you’ve already progressed to the more advanced stage of periodontitis, you might need scaling and root planing. This procedure involves cleaning your teeth both above and below the gum line and then smoothing down the surfaces of your tooth roots to make it easier for your gums to reattach. The Center for Advanced Dentistry also offers gum flap surgery and laser gum therapy.
If your periodontal disease has caused any loss of bone or soft tissue, the team can restore your mouth with several procedures, including:
A cleaner mouth and healthier teeth can be just a visit away. To learn more about the Center for Advanced Dentistry’s periodontal disease treatments, call the office or schedule a visit online today.
Our team of dedicated professionals are ready to help you get started.